Elementary materials science concepts: Atomic structure, Bonding and types of solids, The crystalline state. Lattice vibrations. The hall effect and hall devices. Quantum mechanics: photons, the electron as a wave, infinite potential well, Heisenberg?s uncertainty principle, Tunneling phenomenon (potential barrier). The band theory of solids: .E-K diagram, energy bands diagram, Electrons and holes, effective mass Semiconductors: Intrinsic semiconductors, Extrinsic semiconductors (n-type doping, p-type doping, compensation doping), Electron and holes Concentrations, Fermi energy level position, Conductivity of a semiconductor, Diffusion and conduction currents equations. Definitions for dielectric and magnetic materials and superconductivity.


Bachelor in Electronics and Communications Engineering


  • To present the basic physical concepts about the operational principles of crystalline solids.rnWith the knowledge of the fundamental principles learned in this course, the student will be able to follow the theoretical details of the advanced-level courses. rn


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Course Content

content serial Description
1General introduction for the course contents and the grading system.
2Atomic structure, Molecules and general bonding principles.
3Types of crystals models.
4Covalent Bond, Metallic Bond, Ionic Bond.
5Miller indices: crystal directions and planes
6The dispersion relationship of a mono atomic lattice vibrations, phase and group velocities.
7Particles and waves.
8De Broglie relationship, time independent Schordinger equation, Heisenberg?s uncertainty principle.
9Application on Schrödinger equation (Infinite potential well: A confined rnelectron).
10Application on Schrödinger equation (Tunneling phenomenon: Quantum leak).
11Energy Band theory of solids: (energy bands, effective mass, concept of a hole).
12(Semiconductors) Intrinsic semiconductors (Si crystal and energy band diagram, rnelectrons and holes, conduction in semiconductors, electrons and holes rnconcentrations).
13(Semiconductors ) Extrinsic semiconductor: (n-type doping, p-type doping, rncompensation doping) and carriers concentrations. Fermi energy level position.
14Semiconductor conductivity and resistivity.
15Semiconductors (Diffusion and conduction current equations). rn
16Final Examination

Markets and Career

  • Generation, transmission, distribution and utilization of electrical power for public and private sectors to secure both continuous and emergency demands.
  • Electrical power feeding for civil and military marine and aviation utilities.
  • Electrical works in construction engineering.

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