Clean Water and Sanitation

6.4.2 Water Reuse Measurement

  • 6.4.2 Water Reuse Measurement

The AASTMT always seeks to optimize the use of water, as it is keen on the process of re-use of water after treatment, in addition to following up and measuring its rates through scientific research projects. In 2021-2022 AASTMT focused on the re-use of rainwater in agriculture through some modifications carried out in campuses. In addition, through scientific res

Rainwater Reuse Measures in Campus 

  • Controlling the flow of rainwater in paved areas by installing drainage channels with a network of deep and perforated pipes to direct rainwater into the soil, replenishing the natural groundwater reservoir to reduce the burden on sewage networks.
  • Utilizing open drainage on public surfaces and walkways to divert rainwater to agricultural basins and green areas, thereby minimizing the pressure on sanitary sewer networks.
  • Expanding the installation of meters for measuring water and energy consumption to monitor the operational performance of each building and detect any deviations leading to an increase in consumption beyond the correct operational rates, addressing them promptly.
  • Deep wells are drilled for the utilization of groundwater in irrigating large green areas, as well as for filling firefighting water reservoirs.
  • New buildings employ water conservation technology that includes leak detection, allowing them to identify and correct leaks that exist on campus.
  • AASTMT uses many vehicles on and off campus, and those vehicles need to be washed, but not frequently. AASTMT has cut back on car washing in their motor pools to save water.

Rainwater Reuse Measures in Campuses on AASTMT webpage 

Rainwater harvesting for plant production in the Hydronic system

Alexandria city is subjected   to heavy rainy seasons extended from November to April. In the Aquaculture Research Center rainwater is collected from the roofs of the green house and collected in 10 water tanks each one of 500 Liter capacity. The collected water is used in the hyonic system and fertilizer production units throughout the year.

Aquaculture Research Center

Implementing New Irrigation Systems 

President Professor Dr. Ismail Abdel Ghaffar Ismail Farag visited the agricultural plant nursery at the main campus of the Academy in Abu Qir to assess progress and recent developments. During the visit, he inspected newly added plants, as well as new irrigation systems implemented in the general area and new agricultural greenhouses. The President commended the nursery team for their efforts, especially in adopting modern agricultural and irrigation techniques. He expressed hope for continued efficiency and adherence to modern methods in their work.

Implementing New irrigation Systems 

Research and Data Collection

More information about internally funded AASTMT projects

Internally funded projects within the Arab Academy for Science, Technology, and Maritime Transport (AASTMT) can significantly contribute to research for water reuse in several ways:

  • Research Funding: Internally funded projects provide the financial resources necessary to conduct in-depth research on water reuse technologies, methodologies, and sustainability practices.
  • Infrastructure Development: Funding can be allocated to build or enhance facilities like water treatment plants or research laboratories, providing the necessary infrastructure for testing and development.
  • Expertise and Collaboration: Projects can bring together multidisciplinary teams of experts from various departments or institutions within AASTMT, fostering collaboration between engineers, environmental scientists, chemists, and policymakers.
  • Technology Development: Funding enables the exploration and development of innovative technologies tailored to water reuse, such as advanced filtration systems, membrane technologies, or efficient purification methods.​​​​​​​

Advancing Water Resource Management: The Experience of the MED-QUAD Project 

The AASTMT, as the Egyptian partner of the MED-QUAD project, played an active role in transferring innovative cross-border knowledge and skills throughout the project's implementation. Professor Yasser Gaber Dessouky, the Dean of Scientific Research and Innovation and local project manager for AASTMT, expressed satisfaction with the collaborative efforts. He shared the project's achievements at both the European and local levels. Notably, the MED-QUAD project in Egypt adopted the Quadruple Helix approach, leading to significant accomplishments in water resource management and cultural heritage preservation. This partnership has contributed to advancements in sustainable water management, community engagement, and cutting-edge research, showcasing the transformative impact of MED-QUAD on Egypt's water resources and cultural heritage.​​​​​​​The SWUAP Living Lab has achieved significant research outcomes, including MSc theses exploring the use of macroalgae as a sustainable bio-adsorbent for dye removal in alignment with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The lab has also focused on spatial-temporal monitoring of groundwater quality, particularly in understanding the impacts of climate change. Collaborative publications in reputable journals like the Fermentation Journal and the Global NEST Journal cover diverse topics, ranging from sustainable biomethane production to the agricultural benefits of zeolite and backwash water. A study submitted to the Global NEST Journal highlights the application of Metal–Organic Frameworks in industrial wastewater treatment. Notably, research findings on the biosorption potential of red algae for dye removal were published in the Scientific Reports Journal, contributing significantly to sustainable water treatment methods. On the other hand, the ARCHEO Living Lab in Egypt utilizes virtual and augmented reality to provide a unique cultural experience for visitors, both physically present and virtually connected, contributing to the Applied Research on Utilization of Cultural Heritage (ARCHEO).​​​​​​​

Advancing Water Resource Management: the experience of the MED-QUAD Project ​​​​​​​

Advancing Water Resource Management: the experience of the MED-QUAD Project