1-What are the SDGs?
SDGs is the common acronym for the Sustainable Development Goals, also referred to as Global Goals for Sustainable Development. The concept of the SDGs was agreed at the Rio+20 Summit (United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development) in 2012. The Rio+20 Outcome Document called for the SDGs to be “global in nature and universally applicable to all countries, while taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development”.
After intense negotiations, 17 SDGs, together with their 169 targets, were adopted in September 2015. The 17 SDGs are integrated and indivisible, and balance environmental, social and economic concerns. They build on past achievements and commitments, such as the Millennium Development Goals, to address persistent issues and new challenges facing people and the planet. The goals will stimulate action over the next fifteen years in areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet, including: poverty eradication, food security, health, education, gender equality, access to water, sanitation, clean energy, decent jobs, key infrastructure, strong institutions, inequality reduction, sustainable urbanization, responsible production and consumption patterns, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and ecosystem conservation.
2-What is the 2030 Agenda?
Adopted in September 2015, the 2030 Agenda represents “a universal, integrated and transformative vision for a better world” (Ban Ki Moon). It is the “world''s growth strategy for the next 15 years” (Achim Steiner), calling for today’s growth-based economic model to make way for a new path that creates sustainable and equitable economies and societies worldwide, and ensures greater public participation in decision-making. It is a plan of action for people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnership, which everybody will implement together.
The agenda aims to end poverty and hunger, combat inequalities, build peaceful, just and inclusive societies, protect human rights and promote gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls, and to ensure the lasting protection of the planet and its natural resources. Member states also resolved to create conditions for sustainable, inclusive and sustained economic growth, shared prosperity and decent work for all. The 2030 Agenda includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 associated targets that will guide decisions and actions over the next 15 years
3-Why are the Goals numbers and is the order significant?
The Goals begin with Goal 1 – No Poverty, to mark the continuation of the MDGs ambition to eliminate extreme poverty, they end with Goal 17 – Partnerships for the Goals - to emphasize a continued commitment to work together in order to achieve progress for all. The order of the other goals does not signify any priority as all are critical and interdependent.
4-What are the different SDG goals?
The 17 SDGs are: (1) No Poverty, (2) Zero Hunger, (3) Good Health and Well-being, (4) Quality Education, (5) Gender Equality, (6) Clean Water and Sanitation, (7) Affordable and Clean Energy, (8) Decent Work and Economic Growth, (9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, (10) Reducing Inequality, (11) Sustainable .
5-How many targets and indicators does SDG have?
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are defined in a list of 169 SDG Targets. Progress towards these Targets is agreed to be tracked by 232 unique Indicators. Here is the full list of definitions.
6-How are the SDGs connected?
Rockström and Sukhdev (2016) assert that all SDGs are directly or indirectly connected to sustainable and healthy food, and suggest that goals on eradicating poverty (SDG 1) and zero hunger (SDG 2) require gender equality (SDG 5), decent jobs (SDG 8) and reduced inequality (SDG 10).
7-Why is it important that everyone is aware of the Goals?
For the goals to be met, everyone needs to do their part: governments, the private sector, civil society and the general public. The Goals affect all 7 billion people on Earth and for them to be met, it is crucial that everyone is aware of and have knowledge of them. Only then can we take action and contribute to making the world a better place.
8-How do we achieve Sustainable Development?
For sustainable development to be achieved, it is crucial to harmonize three core elements: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection. These elements are interconnected and all are crucial for the well-being of individuals and societies.
Eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions is an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. To this end, there must be promotion of sustainable, inclusive and equitable economic growth, creating greater opportunities for all, reducing inequalities, raising basic standards of living, fostering equitable social development and inclusion, and promoting integrated and sustainable management of natural resources and ecosystems.
9-Does every country have to achieve all the Goals?
Yes , though some Goals will be more urgent in some countries than others and so that will determine the efforts made and in what order.
10-Can I support just one Goal?
Choosing one Goal to support is a good way to start, and to take specific action. However, all the Goals are interlinked, so by supporting one Goal your actions will have positive impacts on other Goals. For example, promoting gender equality (Goal 5) in your school will help support a growing economy (Goal 8) and quality education for all (Goal 4).
11-What happens if the Goals aren''t achieved?
Although unanimously agreed, the Goals are not legally binding, The Goal are a promise made by all countries to each other to work together on a plan. No one can enforce that they are achieved but by working together, urging businesses to play their part and holding governments accountable they can be.
12-What are the challenges in achieving sustainable development and how can they be overcomed?
One crucial issue is policy that is operated at national levels. Some developing counties see sustainable development as more of a talk show and are yet to put out right policy that would address the issue or they design policies that are contradictory in nature and would not give desired outcomes that promotes sustainable development.
13-What is the role of Universities and Institutes for implementation of Sustainable Development?
Specifically, universities contribute to the development of their countries through its four main areas: training and development of human capital scientific research social and cultural development innovation and economic progress.  Expert training teachers in sustainability, conceptual approaches and methodologies.
14-What are the 4 key principles of SDG?
•Respect Earth and life in all its diversity.
•Care for the community of life with understanding, compassion and love.
•Build democratic societies that are just, participatory, sustainable and peaceful.
•Secure Earth''s bounty and beauty for present and future generations.
15-What can I do as a student to promote sustainable development?
•Get informed about the global goals.
•Educate your friends, colleagues, and families on the global goals.
•Explore the realities of the global goals, and what they mean for your community and country.
•Give your time and skills. 
16- What Sustainability Challenges Does Your Organization Face?
A solid plan should always factor in the possible challenges and obstacles that could prevent it from being successful. Your organization should determine the biggest challenges that pose a threat to your sustainability plan, then define details on how you are managing these issues.
For example, getting employee buy-in and engagement on sustainability initiatives may be a big challenge for an organization. Ways in which this issue can be addressed includes regular communication on sustainability practices, reports on initiative progress and creating incentives to participate.
17- How Are You Measuring Progress?
Developing and implementing a sustainability plan is just the first step in the process you need to show that a positive difference is made when you put the plan into action. This can be achieved through measuring your energy spend and determining ROI from sustainability investments. Many industry-specific measurement tools are being developed to help organizations with this daunting task.
Though it may take a few iterations before your organization can optimize your reporting methods, it will be in your best interest to summarize your techniques so that you can not only share your findings, but also explain how you got them.
18-What are the 3 types of sustainability?
Sustainability is often represented diagrammatically. The figure at the top of this page suggests that there are three pillars of sustainability – economic viability, environmental protection and social equity.
19-What are the barriers of SDG?
The six factors are lack of access to quality education, wide infrastructure gaps, social discrimination, shocks particularly climate-induced ones due to geographical location, various forms of insecurity and lack of quality and disaggregated data.
20-What is the biggest obstacle to sustainability?
Social barriers: Population growth, paired with unsustainable consumption and production patterns among the wealthy, are the biggest social challenges to achieving sustainable development in the world. Absent of a significant change in human behavior, sustainability will not be potential.
21-What prevents sustainable development?
Political barriers: Inadequate economic, social and environmental methods for policies, plans and projects are the major barrier combating the implementation of sustainable development